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Deborah Tennen’s entry from “The Washington Post” includes many important types of visual design.  The most notable of these would have to be proximity and alignment.  As soon as you see her writing you notice this picture right smack in the middle of the words.  I believe this to be the writer’s or designer’s intentions.  They find it important for the reader to notice this picture because of the way it complements the text.  Contrast is another element this text employs into its arrangement.  The way the picture is surrounded in white and right in the center of the page attracts the eyes of its readers.  In her second article, “Agonism in the Academy…” there are similar elements used to draw attention to certain things.  This design uses alignment, proximity, repetition, contrast and font to get its point across.  The designer takes a quote out of the text, centrally aligns it on the page, makes it larger font, puts it in bold, and puts dark lines above and below it to make sure it looked significant.  This makes the reader notice this quote and remember that this is a point the writer wants to get across to the audience.  In her final writing, Tannen uses an interesting design.  In this entry there is no quote or picture to draw the reader’s attention to.  She opens with an abstract and then separates it with a dark line and then enters the credentials behind that.  It seemed strange to me for her to set the writing up this way, but it may have been a legal issue if she did not design it this way.  She then continues to her introduction and overview.  Her setup titles her abstract, intro, and overview.  I found this writing to be less apealing to me without the use of the elements from the book.  It shows me that these elements are important to appealing to your readers and getting your point across.


I have a few ideas about how I am going to organize my issue draft.  I will start off my paper by introducing my topic to the reader.  I will develop a hook to keep my reader interested and make sure to fully introduce my topic.  After that I will move on to give the background information on my topic. I will discuss how video games started, why people think that the violence in games is related to violence in children, and why so many people are concerned about this. I will discuss the studies that have been recently conducted by today’s doctors and the results they have gathered from those experiments.  I will make sure to include the results from the experiments that found that video games were the problem and the results from the tests that found the games were not a problem.  I will then move on to my first body paragraph.  I will be doing my body paragraphs on problem at hand and a possible solution for that problem.  I will talk about how if the violent games are making children violent we could find a way to inform the parents that these games are bad for their children and they should seriously consider not allowing their kids to play them.  Although it would be easier to ban the games altogether, I believe it is extremely unconstitutional and against the people’s rights.  I will then conclude my paper by discussing how someone in the future may find a way to regulate the violent games in a way that makes most people happy.

This article was quite interesting partly because of the topics he touched on and partly because i had never heard of amazon deleting items from people’s kindles.  Ulin makes a point to say its not the problem that amazon did erase people’s items, but that they can do it.  I agree with his statement that the company should not be allowed to remove an item a person has already purchased.  The company should leave the product out on the consumers’ kindles and deal with the consequences that follow.  The company should have paid more attention to who they were getting their product from before they sold the item.  As for Ulin’s thoughts on de-ranking certain writers for their sexuality, the company owns te product, and it is their right to do what they want with it.  It may not be fair to those writers, but it is the way ownership works.  One thing I did not like about this article is that Ulin talks about how Amazon is changing the books and history.  It is not like Amazon owns every copy ever made of that book and they are changing the story to brainwash the community.  The way he puts it makes it sound like The Book of Eli where the people round up and burn every bible they can find and destroy them so the people do not know about it.  Amazon deleted a book from the public that was not theirs to sell.  This most likely avoided many law suits against their company for selling or displaying ownership of an item they did not own.

In revising my papers there are many different techniques I will use.  I will use some of the things the book mentions like the questions for focus, content, and organization.  The question I will most likely use first is from the content section.  It asks, how effectively does your essay fulfill the commitment stated or implied by the thesis.  I believe this is one of the most important questions I have to ask myself.  If the paper does not follow the thesis then the whole thing will be wrong.  Then, I should think about what details, evidence, or counterarguments would make my paper stronger.  Then, I will take the time to dig through my paper and find things that are irrelevant to my topic and remove them.  At some point i will need to see how effective my organization is.  If I need to change it in anyway I will do so.  I would like to sift through my sentences and figure out if any of them are too short and choppy.  If some are I would change them to be more fluent.  The book says to try reading my work out loud so that I can literally hear how my wording sounds.  I do not believe I will have much to revise in my paper, but the things I will have to revise will be major in the completion of my paper.  I hope that I can finish revising each paper efficiently so that a good grade is reflected by my work.

This piece of writing was very interesting to me in the sense that I know these things are incorrect, but I pay no attention to them.  The way she points out little things from advertisements and newspapers makes it seem like people these days care nothing about being grammatically correct.  I like the way that the writer stands up for what is grammatically correct even though people think of her as being a know-it-all with no life.  We need more people like her to stand up for the punctuation and grammar.  I believe that if we keep heading down the road we are on, it will only get worse and worse.  In all honesty, I wish I knew grammar and punctuation as well as the writer does.  I am constantly questioning the things I write down because that either do not sound correct or they do not look correct.  I also enjoyed some of the sayings she used such as, “A cat has claws at the end of its paws, A comma’s a pause at the end of a clause”.  The many things she points out in movies, “its, it’s, and its’, and newspaper articles makes me realize that many people do not recognize these things as an issue and that is a problem.  People should have been taught that these things are majorly important in the English language.  I believe that people should pay more attention to these types of things so that future generations do not misinterpret these things as being correct.

Each article presented conveys their view on the way the Apple commercials are unique in that they do not really advertise their product.  The three essays provide many examples of this.  Each states how Apple plays their commercial, which has nothing to do with the product, and then shows their icon afterwards.  This was indeed a unique and effective way of advertisement.  The first writer, Stevenson, talks about the “I’m a Mac, and I’m a PC” commercials.  He talks about how the actors say random things that are “better” on Mac than on PC.  I, like Stevenson, feel as if “…they don’t make me want to buy a Mac”.  The actors exaggerate about small differences between Mac and PC, like the “Out of the Box” commercial that stated PC takes much longer to start up.  Stevenson states, “I bought a new ThinkPad notebook…and it ran on all cylinders pretty much straight out of the gate”.  The student writer, focuses on the ethos side, and the “brand advertising”.  This relates to Scott’s essay by her saying “…this spot had broken every rule of the advertising game.  There was no product…and only minimal corporate identification”.  Later she uses cause and effect to show how “200,000 people lined up to buy the computers”. The student writer states that the company creates “…an image of the company and its product that a potential customer can identify with”.  The commercial showed historical icons who were deemed strange or crazy, and the company related that to their product.   These three essays share many conceptual ideas about the way the product was advertised, but they each have their own point of view and rhetorical skills on the topic.

While reading through the assigned chapters I came across an interesting essay by a man named Amitai Etzioni.  It was titled Less Privacy Is Good for Us (and You).  This speaks out to me as a writer because I recently wrote a response to a new bill that was coming out that would allow the government to moderate everything people viewed on the internet.  As a gamer, this was a potential danger of banning violence games from the internet, which includes most of them.  A group of friends and I decided to conduct a letter stating why the people needed their freedom to access the internet freely.  Our gaming community’s forum was even posted on by a government official who also played the game.  He assured us that he and many other officials were doing everything they could to keep the bill from going through.  Freely using the internet to play games has influenced the kind of person I am.  I have met people from different regions and cultural backgrounds.  Therefore, if I am required to write a topic on the people of Northern United States, I will have personal references and prior knowledge to help me write accurately.  Even though we are using the internet to play games, they are learning experiences as well.  I recent years I have witnessed my typing skills increase dramatically.  I used to type slower than a man with one hand.  Then, after picking up gaming, my typing speed, accuracy, and skill skyrocketed.  This allowed me to write more papers in a much smaller time frame.  Now, if i feel like I want to pick up writing stories again, I will not get frustrated by how slow I would have finished the papers.  Our privacy as people should be kept from the government even if it means a criminal is not caught.  For that percentage of criminals caught by enacting the government into the lives of people, how many people’s lives will be ruined by their employers learning that they did one stupid thing when they were 18 to 20 years old?  Is it really worth it to ruin those people’s lives for the sake of a small percentage of others? I do not believe so, and hopefully the government will realize that too.

The three essays are examples of a literacy narrative because they all are written with the topic of reading, and they are all personal stories of their writers.  Douglass talks about his struggle of trying to learn to read.  This was particularly difficult for him because he was a slave and his owner was against his learning to.  Kingston’s writing was explaining her struggle to speak out loud and read in an American style classroom while speaking better in a Chinese style classroom.  Finally, Welty’s piece describes her passion for reading and her want for more books.  One main feature that each of these writings share is that they have dialogue, which gives you a sense of the past, present, and future.  The dialogue gives the character its own voice throughout the story.  They each also contain characters with a defined personality, such as Douglass as a wondering slave or Kingston’s young Chinese girl.  Above all, the biggest feature each of the pieces uses is a descriptive arrangement of words that allow the reader to visualize what is happening in the scene they are reading.  This allows the reader a better understanding of what is going on in the story.  These descriptions are easy to find in Kingston’s work when she describes the children of the Chinese school playing in the large room with pictures of famous Chinese men, and also in Welty’s work when she describes  her family’s bookcase and how tarnished the books have become.  These essays are great representations of literacy narratives in the world today.  They will guide many scholars in the years to come.

          I found the writing from Stephen King to be rather interesting.  The way he presented what most know as imagery as a form of telepathy makes one wonder.  He provided an adequate argument that he never once opened his mouth to speak to the reader and he and the reader were in different moments in time completely.  In comparison to The Academic Writer, King designs his work to be concerned with what “might, could, and should be.”  The subject presented is “open-ended and cannot be fully specified.”  Upon reading this selection by King, I was not completely convinced the way he presented telepathy was accurate, so I took it into my own hands to look up the word telepathy in the dictionary.  The Merriam-Webster Dictionary states, “Telepathy is communication from one mind to another by extrasensory means.”  I realize now that King did not trigger any of the senses one would associate as a normal means of sensory.  Therefore, his use of telepathy was indeed correctly used.  The Academic Reader states one must consider their “role as a writer who has something to communicate”, and that one must have “a medium that makes this communication possible.”  King surely has both.  He wants to convey that writing is like a telepathic means of communication and the only way to present this topic was surely through writing.  In my opinion, there would be no other way of communication to present this topic for it would key into one of the normal sensory functions of the human anatomy.  The work presented by King in comparison to The Academic Writer has truly been an interesting experience and makes me realize that rhetoric is used in many works we view today.

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